IB-CAS  > 植被与环境变化国家重点实验室
Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed
Komatsu, Kimberly J.; Avolio, Meghan L.; Lemoine, Nathan P.; Isbell, Forest; Grman, Emily4; Houseman, Gregory R.; Koerner, Sally E.; Johnson, David S.; Wilcox, Kevin R.; Alatalo, Juha M.; Anderson, John P.; Aerts, Rien; Baer, Sara G.; Baldwin, Andrew H.; Bates, Jonathan15; Beierkuhnlein, Carl16; Beloter, R. Travis; Blair, John18; Bloor, Juliette M. G.; Bohlen, Patrick J.; Bork, Edward W.; Boughton, Elizabeth H.; Bowman, William D.; Britton, Andrea J.; Cahill, James F., Jr.; Chaneton, Enrique26; Chiariello, Nona R.; Cheng, Jimin28; Collins, Scott L.; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.; Du, Guozhen30; Eskelinen, Anu31,32,33; Firn, Jennifer34; Foster, Bryan35,36; Gough, Laura37; Gross, Katherine38,39; Hallett, Lauren M.; Han, Xingguo42; Harmens, Harry43; Hovenden, Mark J.; Jagerbrand, Annika45; Jentsch, Anke46; Kern, Christel47; Klanderud, Kari48; Knapp, Alan K.; Kreyling, Juergen51; Li, Wei28; Luo, Yiqi52; McCulley, Rebecca L.; McLaren, Jennie R.; Megonigal, J. Patrick; Morgan, John W.; Onipchenko, Vladimir56; Pennings, Steven C.; Prevey, Janet S.; Price, Jodi N.; Reich, Peter B.; Robinson, Clare H.; Russell, F. Leland; Sala, Osvaldo E.; Seabloom, Eric W.; Smith, Melinda D.; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Souza, Lara66,67; Suding, Katherine23; Suttle, K. Blake; Svejcar, Tony69; Tilman, David3; Tognetti, Pedro26; Turkington, Roy70,71; White, Shannon21; Xu, Zhuwen72; Yahdjian, Laura26; Yu, Qiang73; Zhang, Pengfei31,74; Zhang, Yunhai43,75
AbstractGlobal change drivers (GCDs) are expected to alter community structure and consequently, the services that ecosystems provide. Yet, few experimental investigations have examined effects of GCDs on plant community structure across multiple ecosystem types, and those that do exist present conflicting patterns. In an unprecedented global synthesis of over 100 experiments that manipulated factors linked to GCDs, we show that herbaceous plant community responses depend on experimental manipulation length and number of factors manipulated. We found that plant communities are fairly resistant to experimentally manipulated GCDs in the short term (< 10 y). In contrast, long-term (>= 10 y) experiments show increasing community divergence of treatments from control conditions. Surprisingly, these community responses occurred with similar frequency across the GCD types manipulated in our database. However, community responses were more common when 3 or more GCDs were simultaneously manipulated, suggesting the emergence of additive or synergistic effects of multiple drivers, particularly over long time periods. In half of the cases, GCD manipulations caused a difference in community composition without a corresponding species richness difference, indicating that species reordering or replacement is an important mechanism of community responses to GCDs and should be given greater consideration when examining consequences of GCDs for the biodiversity-ecosystem function relationship. Human activities are currently driving unparalleled global changes worldwide. Our analyses provide the most comprehensive evidence to date that these human activities may have widespread impacts on plant community composition globally, which will increase in frequency over time and be greater in areas where communities face multiple GCDs simultaneously.
Keywordcommunity composition global change experiments herbaceous plants species richness
Subject AreaMultidisciplinary Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS IDWOS:000485140300046
Publication PlaceWASHINGTON
Funding OrganizationNSF through the LTER Network Communications Office [EF-0553768, 1545288] ; National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California, Santa Barbara ; Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC) ; NSFNational Science Foundation (NSF) [DBI-1052875]
Corresponding Author Emailkomatsuk@si.edu
OAGreen Published, Bronze, Green Accepted, Green Submitted
Citation statistics
Cited Times:54[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Smithsonian Environm Res Ctr, Edgewater, MD 21037 USA
2.Avolio, Meghan L.] Johns Hopkins Univ, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA
3.Lemoine, Nathan P.] Marquette Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Milwaukee, WI 53233 USA
4.Univ Minnesota, Dept Ecol Evolut & Behav, St Paul, MN 55108 USA
5.Eastern Michigan Univ, Dept Biol, Ypsilanti, MI 48197 USA
6.Wichita State Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Wichita, KS 67260 USA
7.Koerner, Sally E.] Univ N Carolina, Dept Biol, Greensboro, NC 27402 USA
8.Johnson, David S.] Virginia Inst Marine Sci, Dept Biol Sci, Gloucester Point, VA 23062 USA
9.Wilcox, Kevin R.] Univ Wyoming, Dept Ecosyst Sci & Management, Laramie, WY 82071 USA
10.Alatalo, Juha M.] Qatar Univ, Coll Arts & Sci, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Doha 2713, Qatar
11.Alatalo, Juha M.] Qatar Univ, Environm Sci Ctr, Doha 2713, Qatar
12.Anderson, John P.] New Mexico State Univ, Jornada Basin Long Term Ecol Res Stn, Las Cruces, NM 88003 USA
13.Aerts, Rien; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.] Vrije Univ, Dept Ecol Sci, Syst Ecol, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands
14.Baer, Sara G.] Southern Illinois Univ, Dept Plant Biol, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA
15.Baldwin, Andrew H.] Univ Maryland, Dept Environm Sci & Technol, College Pk, MD 20740 USA
16.ARS, Eastern Oregon Agr Res Ctr Burns, USDA, Burns, OR 97720 USA
17.Univ Bayreuth, Dept Biogeog, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
18.Wilderness Soc, Bozeman, MT 59715 USA
19.Kansas State Univ, Div Biol, Manhattan, KS 66506 USA
20.Bloor, Juliette M. G.] Univ Clermont Auvergne, Inst Natl Rech Agron, VetAgro Sup, Unite Mixte Rech Ecosyst Prairial, F-63000 Clermont Ferrand, France
21.Bohlen, Patrick J.] Univ Cent Florida, Dept Biol, Orlando, FL 32816 USA
22.Univ Alberta, Dept Agr Food & Nutr Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P5, Canada
23.Boughton, Elizabeth H.] Buck Isl Ranch, Archbold Biol Stn, Lake Placid, FL 33852 USA
24.Univ Colorado, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
25.Britton, Andrea J.] James Hutton Inst, Ecol Sci Grp, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland
26.Cahill, James F., Jr.] Univ Alberta, Dept Biol Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada
27.Univ Buenos Aires, Fac Agron, Inst Invest Fisiol & Ecol Vinculadas Agr, CONICET, C1417, Buenos Aires, DF, Argentina
28.Chiariello, Nona R.] Stanford Univ, Jasper Ridge Biol Preserve, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
29.Northwest A&F Univ, Inst Water & Soil Conservat, State Key Lab Soil Eros & Dryland Farming Loess P, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
30.Collins, Scott L.] Univ New Mexico, Dept Biol, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA
31.Lanzhou Univ, Sch Life Sci, State Key Lab Grassland & Agroecosyst, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China
32.UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Physiol Divers, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany
33.Halle Jena Leipzig, German Ctr Integrat Biodivers Res, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
34.Univ Oulu, Dept Ecol & Genet, Oulu 90014, Finland
35.Queensland Univ Technol, Sci & Engn Fac, Sch Earth Environm & Biol Sci, Brisbane, Qld 4001, Australia
36.Univ Kansas, Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Lawrence, KS 66047 USA
37.Univ Kansas, Kansas Biol Survey, Lawrence, KS 66047 USA
38.Towson Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Towson, MD 21252 USA
39.Michigan State Univ, WK Kellogg Biol Stn, Hickory Corners, MI 49060 USA
40.Michigan State Univ, Grad Program Ecol Evolutionary Biol & Behav, Hickory Corners, MI 49060 USA
41.Hallett, Lauren M.] Univ Oregon, Environm Studies Program, Eugene, OR 97403 USA
42.Hallett, Lauren M.] Univ Oregon, Dept Biol, Eugene, OR 97403 USA
43.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Bot, State Key Lab Vegetat & Environm Change, Beijing 100093, Peoples R China
44.Environm Ctr Wales, Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Bangor LL57 2UW, Gwynedd, Wales
45.Hovenden, Mark J.] Univ Tasmania, Sch Nat Sci, Biol Sci, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia
46.Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Construct Engn & Lighting Sci, S-55318 Jonkoping, Sweden
47.Univ Bayreuth, Bayreuth Ctr Ecol & Environm Res, D-95440 Bayreuth, Germany
48.US Forest Serv, Northern Res Stn, USDA, Rhinelander, WI 54501 USA
49.Norwegian Univ Life Sci, Fac Environm Sci & Nat Resource Management, N-1430 As, Norway
50.Knapp, Alan K.] Colorado State Univ, Dept Biol, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA
51.Knapp, Alan K.] Colorado State Univ, Grad Degree Program Ecol, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA
52.Greifswald Univ, Inst Bot & Landscape Ecol, Expt Plant Ecol, D-17489 Greifswald, Germany
53.No Arizona Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Ctr Ecosyst Sci & Soc Ecoss, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 USA
54.McCulley, Rebecca L.] Univ Kentucky, Dept Plant & Soil Sci, Lexington, KY 40546 USA
55.McLaren, Jennie R.] Univ Texas El Paso, Dept Biol Sci, El Paso, TX 79912 USA
56.Morgan, John W.] La Trobe Univ, Dept Ecol Environm & Evolut, Bundoora, Vic 3086, Australia
57.Moscow State Lomonosov Univ, Fac Biol, Moscow 119991, Russia
58.Pennings, Steven C.] Univ Houston, Dept Biol & Biochem, Houston, TX 77204 USA
59.Prevey, Janet S.] US Forest Serv, Pacific Northwest Res Stn, USDA, Olympia, WA 98512 USA
60.Price, Jodi N.] Charles Sturt Univ, Inst Land Water & Soc, Albury, NSW 2640, Australia
61.Reich, Peter B.] Univ Minnesota, Dept Forest Resources, St Paul, MN 55108 USA
62.Reich, Peter B.] Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
63.Robinson, Clare H.] Univ Manchester, Sch Earth & Environm Sci, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England
64.Sala, Osvaldo E.] Arizona State Univ, Sch Life Sci, Global Drylands Ctr, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
65.Sala, Osvaldo E.] Arizona State Univ, Sch Sustainabil, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
66.Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.] Leiden Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Environm Biol Dept, NL-2333 CC Leiden, Netherlands
67.Univ Oklahoma, Oklahoma Biol Survey, Norman, OK 73019 USA
68.Univ Oklahoma, Dept Microbiol & Plant Biol, Norman, OK 73019 USA
69.Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 USA
70.Oregon State Univ, Eastern Oregon Agr Res Ctr, Burns, OR 97720 USA
71.Univ British Columbia, Bot Dept, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
72.Univ British Columbia, Biodivers Res Ctr, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
73.Inner Mongolia Univ, Sch Ecol & Environm, Key Lab Grassland Ecol, Hohhot 010021, Peoples R China
74.Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Inst Agr Resources & Reg Planning, Natl Hulunber Grassland Ecosyst Observat & Res St, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China
75.Univ Utrecht, Dept Biol, Ecol & Biodivers Grp, NL-3584 CH Utrecht, Netherlands
76.Georgia Inst Technol, Sch Biol Sci, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA
77.Baer, Sara G.] Univ Kansas, Kansas Biol Survey, Lawrence, KS 66047 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Komatsu, Kimberly J.,Avolio, Meghan L.,Lemoine, Nathan P.,et al. Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2019,116(36):17867-17873.
APA Komatsu, Kimberly J..,Avolio, Meghan L..,Lemoine, Nathan P..,Isbell, Forest.,Grman, Emily.,...&Zhang, Yunhai.(2019).Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,116(36),17867-17873.
MLA Komatsu, Kimberly J.,et al."Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 116.36(2019):17867-17873.
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