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Nuclear and Chloroplast Sequences Resolve the Enigmatic Origin of the Concord Grape
Wen, Jun; Herron, Sterling A.; Yang, Xue2; Liu, Bin-Bin; Zuo, Yun-Juan; Harris, A. J.; Kalburgi, Yash; Johnson, Gabriel; Zimmer, Elizabeth A.
AbstractDespite the commercial importance of the Concord grape, its origin has remained unresolved for over 150 years without a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis. In this study we aimed to reconstruct the evolutionary history of the Concord grape using sequence data from four nuclear markers (AT103, GAI1, PHYA, and SQD1), six plastid markers (matK, psbA-trnH, petN-trnC, ycf1, trnL-F, and trnS-G), and the plastid genome. We sampled extensively the Vitis species native to northeastern North America as well as representative species from Europe and Asia, including the commercially important Vitis vinifera (wine grape), a native European species with hermaphroditic flowers, and its wild progenitor, V. vinifera subsp. sylvestris. We also sequenced the plastid genome of one accession of the Concord grape and compared the plastid genome data to the recently published data set of Vitis plastomes. Phylogenetic analyses of the plastid and nuclear data using maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference support the hybrid origin of the Concord grape. The results clearly pinpoint the wine grape, V. vinifera, as the maternal donor and the fox grape, Vitis labrusca, which is common in northeastern North America, as the paternal donor. Moreover, we infer that the breeding history of the Concord grape must have involved the backcrossing of the F1 hybrid with the paternal parent V. labrusca. This backcrossing also explains the higher morphological similarity of the Concord grape to V. labrusca than to V. vinifera. This study provides concrete genetic evidence for the hybrid origin of a widespread Vitis cultivar and is, therefore, promising for similar future studies focused on resolving ambiguous origins of major crops or to create successful hybrid fruit crops.
KeywordConcord grape grape origin Vitis Vitaceae
Subject AreaPlant Sciences
Indexed BySCI
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000525535500001
Publication PlaceLAUSANNE
Funding OrganizationWashington Biologists Field Club ; Natural History Research Experiences (NHRE) ; National Science Foundation (REU Site)National Science Foundation (NSF) [EAR-1062692]
Corresponding Author Emailwenj@si.edu
OAgold, Green Published
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Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.[Wen, Jun; Liu, Bin-Bin; Kalburgi, Yash; Johnson, Gabriel; Zimmer, Elizabeth A.] Smithsonian Inst, Dept Bot, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Washington, DC 20560 USA
2.Herron, Sterling A.] Donald Danforth Plant Sci Ctr, St Louis, MO USA
3.Kunming Univ, Agr Sch, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Bot, State Key Lab Systemat & Evolutionary Bot, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Xishuangbanna Trop Bot Garden, Mengla, Peoples R China
6.Harris, A. J.] Oberlin Coll & Conservatory, Dept Biol, Oberlin, OH USA
7.Harris, A. J.] Chinese Acad Sci, South China Bot Garden, Key Lab Plant Resources Conservat & Sustainable U, Guangzhou, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wen, Jun,Herron, Sterling A.,Yang, Xue,et al. Nuclear and Chloroplast Sequences Resolve the Enigmatic Origin of the Concord Grape[J]. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE,2020,11.
APA Wen, Jun.,Herron, Sterling A..,Yang, Xue.,Liu, Bin-Bin.,Zuo, Yun-Juan.,...&Zimmer, Elizabeth A..(2020).Nuclear and Chloroplast Sequences Resolve the Enigmatic Origin of the Concord Grape.FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE,11.
MLA Wen, Jun,et al."Nuclear and Chloroplast Sequences Resolve the Enigmatic Origin of the Concord Grape".FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE 11(2020).
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